Teens who play high-contact sports such as football, hockey, lacrosse or wrestling are more likely than those who play noncontact sports to drink alcohol or smoke cigarettes or marijuana, a new study suggests.
Playing noncontact sports such as tennis, swimming, track and gymnastics reduced the risk of substance use, Medical Xpress reports.
“Competitive sports participation can either inhibit or amplify substance use. It just depends upon which type of sport adolescents are involved with,” researcher Philip Veliz of the University of Michigan said in a news release.
Full story of high contact sports and substance abuse at drugfree.org
Employees of Reynolds American, the nation’s second-largest tobacco manufacturer, will no longer be able to smoke cigarettes in the company’s buildings and offices starting in 2015. Use of e-cigarettes will continue to be permitted, the Associated Press reports.
Cigars and pipes will also be banned from employee desks, offices, conference rooms, hallways and elevators. Smoking is already prohibited in cafeterias, fitness centers and factory floors, the article notes.
The company will build indoor smoking areas for employees who still want to smoke indoors, according to Reynolds spokesman David Howard. “We believe it’s the right thing to do and the right time to do it because updating our tobacco use policies will better accommodate both non-smokers and smokers who work in and visit our facilities,” he told the AP. “We’re just better aligning our tobacco use policies with the realities of what you’re seeing in society today.”
Full story of smoking in work places at drugfree.org
Almost 700,000 children younger than 6 received the wrong medication or dose at home between 2002 and 2012, a new study finds. Just over one-fourth of these mistakes involved a child receiving the prescribed dose twice.
One-fourth of medication errors in young children involved those under a year old,HealthDay reports. While most of the medication mistakes did not require treatment, they did lead to 25 deaths and about 1,900 critical care admissions, the researchers note in the journal Pediatrics. The researchers analyzed medication errors reported to the National Poison Data System.
“Even the most conscientious parents make errors,” said lead author Dr. Huiyun Xiang, Director of the Center for Pediatric Trauma Research at Nationwide Children’s Hospital in Columbus, Ohio. “One caregiver may give a child a dose, and then a second caregiver, who does not know that and wants to make sure the child gets the proper amount of medicine, may give the child a dose, too,” he said.
Full story of children receiving wrong medicines or dosage at home at drugfree.org
Teenagers who harm themselves are more likely to develop substance use problems later in life, compared with their peers who do not engage in self-harm, according to a new study.
Almost 5,000 16-year-olds participating in the study completed a questionnaire. They were asked whether they had ever hurt themselves on purpose in any way, such as by cutting themselves or taking too many pills. They were also asked if they had ever seriously wanted to kill themselves, Medical Daily reports.
“This is the first study to investigate outcomes amongst those with non-suicidal self-harm,” lead researcher Dr. Becky Mars of Bristol University in England, told Medical Daily. “We were quite surprised at just how high the risks were in relation to non-suicidal self-harm, given its high prevalence in the community.”
Full story of self-harming teens and substance abuse at drugfree.org
Dietary supplements containing banned drugs often remain on sale long after they have been recalled by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), doctors at Harvard Medical School have found.
The FDA has identified more than 400 supplement brands that contain banned pharmaceutical ingredients, and has issued a recall for 70 percent of them, according to Reuters.
The study involved 27 supplements recalled between 2009 and 2012. They were marketed for sports enhancement, weight loss and sexual enhancement. Two-thirds were manufactured in the United States, the article notes. The researchers purchased the supplements from manufacturer websites at least eight months and up to four years after they were recalled.
Full story of dietary supplements with banned drugs at drugfree.org