A person’s income level may influence how much they drink, a new study suggests. The study found people with lower incomes had more variation in how much they drank, compared with people with higher incomes.
It appears that the low-income group includes more light drinkers and non-drinkers, as well as more heavy drinkers, than the high-income group. People with higher incomes, in contrast, are more likely to drink overall, but they are also more likely to moderate how much alcohol they consume, according to NPR.
Full story of income level and drinking association at drugfree.org
Doctors and nurses should undergo random drug testing, argues a leading medical ethicist. “I am sorry to say that addiction and the abuse of drugs are not really a part of the discussion about making medicine safer,” says Arthur L. Caplan, PhD.
“The medical profession has an ethical duty to do a better job of monitoring drug abuse,” says Dr. Caplan, the Founding Director of the Division of Medical Ethics in NYU Langone Medical Center’s Department of Population Health. “Why is it OK to test airplane pilots, train conductors and truck drivers, and not doctors and nurses, who also have a lot of lives in their hands?” He added, “You have to assume some medical errors are due to drug or alcohol abuse.”
Full story of doctors and nurses to be drug tested at drugfree.org
The more friends a person is with when they are out drinking, the more they will drink themselves, a new study concludes.
The findings come from a study of almost 200 young adults in Switzerland, who participated in a survey on their smartphones. They were asked to check in hourly to report the number of drinks they had consumed, and the number of friends they were with. As the number of friends increased, so did the number of drinks a person consumed per hour, the study found. Men were more likely to drink more if they were in a bigger group, the researchers report in the journal Addiction.
Full story of drinking more with friends at drugfree.org
Almost 60 percent of pregnant teens say they have used one or more substances in the past year, nearly double the rate of non-pregnant teens, researchers at the University of Texas at Austin have found.
Use of these substances continues during pregnancy, especially among younger teens, the study found. More than one-third of all pregnant teens ages 12 to 14 said they used one or more substances in the previous month, the Austin American-Statesman reports.
Pregnant teens were most likely to use alcohol (16 percent), followed by marijuana (14 percent) and other illicit drugs (5 percent). The findings are published in Addictive Behaviors. The researchers found pregnant teens were less likely to use drugs or alcohol once they moved into their second or third trimester.
Full story of substance abuse among pregnant teens at drugfree.org
Teenagers who don’t get enough sleep are at higher risk of developing problems with alcohol compared with their peers who don’t drink, a new study suggests.
The study used data collected from 6,500 teens who were part of a larger study on adolescent health, NPR reports. The researchers found teens ages 14 to 16 who had trouble falling or staying asleep were 47 percent more likely to engage in binge drinking than their peers who didn’t have sleep problems.
Teens with sleep problems at the beginning of the study were 14 percent more likely to drive drunk and 11 percent more likely to have interpersonal issues related to alcohol one year later. After five years, those who had sleep issues in their teen years were 10 percent more likely to drive drunk.
Full story of sleep and alcohol problems at drugfree.org