Opioids and obesity, not ‘despair deaths,’ raising mortality rates for white Americans

Drug-related deaths among middle-aged white men increased more than 25-fold between 1980 and 2014, with the bulk of that spike occurring since the mid-1990s when addictive prescription opioids became broadly available, according to new CU Boulder research.

The study, published online today in the International Journal of Epidemiology, also found that, contrary to widely reported research findings, suicide and alcohol-related deaths are not to blame for increasing mortality rates among middle-aged whites.

The results call into question recent reports suggesting that what have become known collectively as “despair deaths” — by suicide, alcohol and drugs — are on the rise among white Americans, particularly men, facing a lack of economic opportunity and an increase in chronic pain.

Full story of opioids and obesity at Science Daily

Studying children at increased risk of suicide

Teenagers injured through drinking, drug abuse or self-harming have a five-fold increased risk of dying from suicide in the next decade.

Children and young people admitted to hospital in England with injuries related to self-harming, drugs or alcohol faced an increased risk of killing themselves over the following 10 years, according to new research.

While previous studies have shown that children and adolescents who self-harm are at a higher risk of suicide, the paper by academics from UCL and the University of Leeds, argues that the risks apply to a larger group of adolescents.

Quantum Units Education: New CEU Courses

Prevention and Management of Wounds in Prison Populations

This CEU course provides guidance on the prevention and treatment of common types of wounds, including pressure ulcers, diabetic foot ulcers, venous insufficiency ulcers, and arterial insufficiency ulcers.  The focus of this course is to optimize treatment outcomes in the correctional environment.

Impact of Anxiety on Cognition

Anxiety disorders constitute a sizable worldwide health burden with profound social and economic consequences.  This advanced CE course examines the interaction between anxiety and cognition focusing on the translational threat of unpredictable shock paradigm.

Opioid Use, Misuse, and Overdose in Women

The prevalence of prescription opioid and heroin use among women is substantial.  In order to examine the prevention, treatment, and recovery issues for women who misuse, have use disorders, and/or overdose on opioids, this CEU course explores what is currently known about the opioid epidemic and describes promising practices for addressing opioid use disorder prevention and treatment for women.

Responding to Grief and Trauma After A Suicide

It is well established that exposure to death by suicide can be a significant risk factor for the development of many negative consequences in the bereaved, including an increased risk of suicide.  This CE course provides a unified, far-reaching blueprint for the development of suicide postvention at all levels of U.S. society, with the overarching goal of reducing deleterious effects of exposure to suicide and facilitate the process of healing from a suicide loss.

Cannabis Use for Cancer Patients

This short CEU course provides an overview of the use of Cannabis and its components as a treatment for people with cancer-related symptoms caused by the disease itself or its treatments.

For more on these courses and many more, visit Quantum Units Education

Research Finds Many Links Between Alcohol and Suicide

A growing body of research points to the relationship between alcohol and suicide. Taking steps to reduce the availability of alcohol may help to reduce the number of suicides, says Raul Caetano, MD, PhD, Senior Research Scientist at the Prevention Research Center of the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation in Oakland, California.

Dr. Caetano was a co-author of a study published in the journal Addiction in 2015 that found in the United States, the density of both on- and off-premises alcohol outlets in a county is associated positively with alcohol-related suicide.

“It’s pretty clear from that study that there is a relationship between alcohol outlets, such as bars, restaurants and liquor stores, and suicide,” he said. “That suggests that public health policies that affect the availability of alcohol in the community can also help prevent suicide. It’s an opportunity for prevention that hasn’t been fully utilized.”

Full story of links between alcohol and suicide at drugfree.org

Quantum Units Education: New CEU Courses

Men and Suicide: A Neural Basis for the Acquired Capability

The high rate of fatal suicidal behavior in men is an urgent issue as highlighted in the public eye via news sources and media outlets.  This advanced CE course addresses this issue while attempting to understand the neural substrates underlying the gender differences in the rate of fatal suicidal behavior.

Behavioral Health Screening in HIV Care Settings

Behavioral health screening is an important step for health care provider organizations to increase access to quality behavioral health care.  This CEU course provides steps and examples that organizations can follow to build effective behavioral health screening that supports a system of integrated care.

Domestic Violence Offender Program Standards

Domestic violence, as a learned behavior, is supported by a system of beliefs and attitudes and requires a variety of approaches to prevent, reduce, and eliminate it.  This CEU course provides standards that are designed to address the patterns and dynamics of male to female violence, control, and abuse.  These standards are intended to serve as a framework for program providers to develop and deliver domestic violence services.

For more on these new courses and many more, visit Quantum Units Education