Chinese citizens showed acute posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) during the outbreak of the novel coronavirus COVID-19, according to study results published in medRxiv. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was the most common psychiatric disorder to arise after the SARS outbreak, with medical staff being significantly affected.
COVID-19, first reported in Wuhan, China, in December 2019 has become a global health emergency within just a few weeks due to its rapidity of transmission. Besides raising public health concerns, COVID-19 also causes tremendous psychological distress, especially the development of PTSD.
Weizhi Liu, PhD, MD, from the faculty of psychology and mental health, Naval Medical University, Shanghai, China, and colleagues investigated the prevalence of and risk factors for acute PTSS via an online survey conducted in mainland China after the COVID-19 outbreak (between January 30 and February 3). The survey consisted of 2 self-administered questionnaires: the first consisted of sociodemographic information, recent exposure history to Wuhan, current location, and subjective sleep quality, and the second consisted of a 20-item PTSD Checklist from the Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, (PCL-5).