How to cope with a depressive episode

A depressive episode in the context of a major depressive disorder is a period characterized by low mood and other depression symptoms that lasts for 2 weeks or more. When experiencing a depressive episode, a person can try to make changes to their thoughts and behaviors to help improve their mood.

Symptoms of a depressive episode can persist for several weeks or months at a time. Less commonly, depressive episodes last for over a year.

According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America, approximately 16.1 million adults in the United States experienced at least one major depressive episode in 2015.

Full story at Medical News Today

Play ball or go rogue? Oxytocin affects cooperative behavior

Oxytocin, sometimes referred to as the “love hormone,” helps to regulate social and sexual interactions. Best known for its role in romantic and mother-infant bonding, scientists are now showing that it could also influence whether we cooperate with others in a team setting.

Researchers Jennifer McClung, Zegni Triki, and colleagues, from the University of Neuchâtel in Switzerland, have wondered about our unique ability to cooperate with other individuals, as well as to withdraw cooperation.

But how, and why, do we sometimes choose to be team players, whereas at other times we prefer to take our chances and go solo?

Full story at Medical News Today

New clinician screening tool available for substance use

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Clinical Trials Network has unveiled a new scientifically validated, online screening tool designed to assess a patient’s risk for substance misuse and substance use disorder, and assist the health care provider with prevention and treatment strategies. The Tobacco, Alcohol, Prescription medication, and other Substance use (TAPS) Tool is available on the NIDAMED Web Portal and consists of a comprehensive screening component followed by a brief assessment for those who screen positive. NIDAMED disseminates science-based resources to health professionals on the causes and consequences of drug use and addiction, and advances in pain management. NIDA is part of the National Institutes of Health.

Full story at drugabuse.org

How long does a pregnancy loss last?

Every woman’s experience of miscarriage is different. Some people might want to know how long the process lasts so that they can prepare both mentally and physically.

Miscarriage, or pregnancy loss, is classified as a pregnancy that ends before 20 weeks. It is more common than many people think, occurring in about 8–20 percent of clinically recognized first-time pregnancies.

Pregnancy loss after this time is rare. Losses in the second trimester, between 13 and 19 weeks, occur in just 1–5 percent of pregnancies.

Full story at Medical News Today

Why does depression make you feel tired?

Depression can cause debilitating fatigue and make the simplest activities, such as getting out of bed, too difficult to manage.

According to a 2018 report, fatigue affects over 90 percent of people with major depressive disorder.

In this article, learn about the link between depression and fatigue, as well as how to cope.

What causes depression fatigue?

People with depression are more likely to experience fatigue, and people with chronic fatigue are more likely to become depressed, creating a cycle that can be hard to break.

Full story at Medical News Today